Information provided courtesy
Joshua Junction, 1978
three-day exercise, held by the FBI and Delta Force,
was the start of the counter terrorist partnership
between these two units/agencies. Held in 1978, one
year after Delta's creation, this was one of their
first training exercises. For the FBI, it was a chance
to practice and refine their hostage negotiation skills.
The exercise was planned and carried out at Jackass
Flats on the Nevada Test Site. The terrain was desert,
and it had important structures such as roads, bunkers,
and an airport nearby. Actually, the airport is not
specified, but Delta did assault an aircraft.
scenario of the exercise went something like this.
Middle Eastern terrorists have seized an underground
nuclear weapons site, along with several hostages
(role-playing FBI agents). They demand a safe passage
to their home country, along with the nuclear weapon,
I suppose. At first, the FBI negotiates several hostages,
in return for two buses and an airplane. The buses
carry the hostages and some of the terrorists to an
airplane waiting on a nearby strip. When the last
terrorist boards the airplane, Delta Force operators
do an assault. The hostages are recovered intact.
Next, the FBI convinces the terrorists that the first
group had reached the airplane safely. Now, the second
group of terrorists loads up into another bus. En
route to the airfield, Delta Force does a mobile assault
on the bus. All terrorists are subdued and hostages
rescued. The scenario ended up being so realistic,
that during the assault on the last bus, some of the
hostages exhibited the Stockholm Syndrome and opened
fire on the Delta operators.
was one of the earliest joint training exercises between
Delta and the FBI, starting a partnership that would
continue to this day, with the FBI's Hostage Rescue
Team and Delta, who hold training exercises together.
Exercise Olympic Charlie, 1996
to the 1996 Summer Olympic Games in Atlanta, the United
States counter-terrorism force staged a massive exercise
in what was the largest peacetime security force in
history of the Games. Present were BATF, FBI, Secret
Service, local SWAT Teams, the Hostage Rescue Team,
the US Army's Delta Force and even rumors of SEAL
Team Six for maritime security. Even the Chemical/Biological
Response Team were summoned for fear of terrorist
attack. Olympic Charlie was a specific exercise dealing
with the threat of chemical weapons attack, but I
will also provide some information on the general
security emplacements for that period of time.
Charlie simulated a gas attack in a subway, and was
led by the FBI. Atlanta's subway service MARTA also
has their own SWAT Team which according to a MARTA
spokesman is trained in chemical response.
this is all about Olympic Charlie in particular, a
series of other exercises were run before the olympics.
I am not sure if these are all a part of Olympic Charlie.
Just before the Olympic Games, CNN ran a special on
"Guarding the Games," which featured the
look into the security organization behind the games.
Amazingly, they ran a fairly long video clip of Delta
Force operators in training, storming buildings, blowing
in windows and performing evacuation of hostages under
fire. It was quite amazing to see.
ran quite a long segment on an assault by the MARTA
SWAT Team on one of their subways with FBI agents
role-playing terrorists sympathetic to Timothy McVeigh.
Another part was all about suicide bombers, and the
story of one who turned away from it all. Next was
a feature about chemical weapons, and how one man
acquired a deadly sample of the black plague through
the US mail. It was this sort of thing that officials
feared the most. That is why the 1996 Games were going
to be the safest ever, with multiple agencies standing
by in case of attack. The security was run, as I said
before, many agencies, including the CIA's counter-terrorism
branch, and experts were called in. One counter-terrorism
expert, Jeff Beatty, a former Delta Force, CIA and
HRT operator, (and who incidentally helped develop
Force computer game released in Oct. '98), worried
that all these agencies running the show would lead
scenarios trained for were a Royal couple kidnapped,
a French diplomat held hostage, chemical attacks and
even nuclear attack.
though all these preparations were held, someone did
manage to set off a pipebomb in the Centennial Olympic
Park during a concert, and although the blast was
luckily nothing compared to the OKC bombing, did kill
2 people and injured hundreds more.
Takes Lead in Developing CT Effort - Chemical
& Engineering News, focuses on the chemical and
biological side of security.