Operations and Counterterrorist Forces
i Eleminimit dhe Neutralizimit te Elementit te Armatosur
primary CT unit is RENEA, under the command of the
Ministry of Interior. This unit was formerly equipped
with Chinese AK-47's and TT33 Tokarev pistols. Now
they have two platoon-sized units, which are trained
by the regular Italian police (not the elite NOCS
unit). Reparti i Eleminimit dhe Neutralizimit
te Elementit te Armatosur (RENEA) means the 'corps
of elimination and the neutralization of armed elements'.
This unit was founded in November 1991 under the code
name "88". The current commander is
Major Artan Didi. This unit is armed with Armed
by different types of AK47, tt33, Makarov and Beretta
92 pistols! They also have a variety of Western
modern assault guns and Israeli body armor.
Since 1991, RENEA has lost three men in action, however
they are reported to have one of the highest OPTEMPOs
(frequency of deployments) in all of Europe.
i Operacioneve Speciale (ROS)
is another counterterrorist unit, this one administrated
by British SAS operators. Founded in February
2000 and code named "77", this unit also
falls under the Ministry of the Interior and is based
in Durres. This unit also has intelligence duties
and is used primarily against organized crime elements.
They use a mix of Western and Warsaw Pact weapons
and its trainees undergo a particularly rigorous selection
- "The Eagles"
is a new police antiterrorist, quick intervention
group called "Shqiponjat" ("The Eagles").
They have Makarov, Tokarev and different types of
Western pistols and revolvers, sequestered during
there operations. Chinese 56 Kalashnikov-type,
H&K PSG, and Dragunov. The uniforms are
Turkish and used DDR uniforms also.
Kombetare - National Guards
Garda Kombetare is also under the Ministry of the
Interior, however it is not a true special operations
unit. It is included here due to its specialized
missions. Its mission is to protect VIPs and
important government buildings, such as the Parliament.
Their functions include acting as bodyguards, armed
intervention, facility security, and logistics.
This unit is made up of conscripted soldiers, and
not volunteers. They are armed with AK56, tt33,
and Dragunov sniper rifles. Their uniforms are
those of the Soviet Cavalry and their current commander
is Colonel Hile Lushaku.
Albanian Navy maintains a small commando unit as well,
but it has been reported that the training of this
unit does not involve a CT mission.
e Nderhyrjes se Shpejte (FNSH)
are 12 FNSH groups throughout Albania. Albania
is divided into 14 districts called prefectures. There
is one FNSH group assigned to 11 of these prefectures.
The prefectures of Peshkopia and Durres have no FNSH,
while the capital city of Itana has two FNSH groups
assigned to it. One of them is "Brisku" ("the
sharp knife"). These teams are utilized
primarily in the war against crime within the prefecture
to which they are assigned, and thus have a very high
OPTEMPO. RENEA is used instead of FNSH in situations
where a standoff situation has developed, such as
in a barricaded suspect. Brisku is used for
currency and financial escort, the capture of dangerous
fuguitves, and the escort of violent prisoners. FNSH
has been credited with the successful elimination
of many armed criminal gangs that plagued Albanian
streets. These teams use Western weapons, however
it has been reported that their operators prefer the
AK56 and TT33. Sniper elements use the Dragunov
sniper rifle in addition to various Western sniper
rifles. All units are equipped with advanced
day and night optics. The overall FNSH commander
is Lieutenant Colonel Henrik Elmazi.
every police commisariate has a SWAT group called
Grupi i Gatshem (ready group) and the Shqiponjat quick
intervention patrol (listed above).
Albanian Army's Commando Brigade is based at Zall-Herr
in Tirana. They are trained by American Special
Forces and Turkish commandos and provide security
for the port of Durres, serving as military police.
Thanks to P.Z.Nili
more information on Albania, check here.