Russian Special Operations and Counterterrorist
of this section are currently being edited.
KGB Chairman Yuri Andropov authorized the formation
of group Alfa on 28 July 1974 via a unique, hand-written
letter. Officially designated Group A, the media
came to refer to the unit as "Alfa" after
This unit has taken part in virtually all hostage
rescue operations in Russia since its formation.
During this time, no hostages have been injured and
no operation has failed. Those operation which
Alfa did not participate in (local authorities usually
have jurisdiction over which team is used) oftentimes
ended tragically, notably with the deaths of the hostages.
The group was made up of KGB personnel from Moscow
and nationwide, with priority given to those who excelled
at certain types of sports. Those selected were
then trained in driving techniques (from automobiles
to armored cars) and in the use of all types of firearms,
in addition to numerous other skills.
Structure of group Alfa includes subdivision for
underwater demolition and combat. The members of this
unit trained on the Baltic fleet and in Cuba.
The structure of Alfa includes explosives experts,
climbers, snipers, experts in negotiating, an analytical
center, and psychologists. Ranks of the employees
of group - from lieutenant to the colonel.
In USSR there were regional branches of group Alfa,
which were in republics USSR. These have now become
national antiterrorist groups in the independent states.
In Russia the regional branches of group Alfa are
located in Krasnodar and in Ekaterinburg.
One of the most notable operations involving Alfa
took place in the opening phase of the Soviet invasion
The Assault on the Palace Dar-ul-aman (Afghanistan,
December 27, 1979)
In Afghanistan, the Alfa's orders were: investigation
of structures, location, intentions of mujahideen,
capture and liquidation of the leaders of mujahideen,
search and destruction of warehouses of the weapon
and ammunition, army headquarters and signal centers,
search and rescue soldiers from captivity, help of
the Afghani army in organization of subversive groups.
Their first goal, however, was an assault on the palace
The palace of Amin had been built on an elevated
area, which provided an excellent 360-degree view
of the surrounding area. This three story building
featured extremely well constructed walls (23mm shells
from ADV-vehicles could not penetrate these walls).
There was only one road into the palace, which was
under constant watch by palace security personnel.
The palace complex typically housed approximately
2,000 guards, with the barracks of the guards located
on the third story of the palace. On the 27th
of December, however, only 200 guards were present.
They were reinforced by eleven tanks, two of which
were dug in at the gate to the palace.
Near the palace grounds there was also a general
Afghanistan Army headquarters building with its own
complement of soldiers and an air defense system.
Approximately 500 meters from the palace was also
a building housing a regiment of gendarmeries (police).
For the assault, Alfa's soldiers were divided into
two groups, "Grom" (Thunder) and "Zenith".
Thunder was composed of 25 men, two ADV vehicles with
the ZSU 23-4 "Shilka", six BTR-60's and
six BMP-1's. Zenith was composed of 24 KGB men.
The moslem batallion is other subdivision, which provided
only cover of assault and consist of conscripted soldiers.
The sign for the start of the operation was the explosive
destruction of a signal center in the city of Kabul.
When this happened, the Shilka's opened fire on the
palace. Thunder group on BMP's then moved towards
the palace. Zenith also moved forward via a
foot ladder towards the palace.
To prevent reinforcements from approaching from the
opposite side, and to prevent any palace guards from
escaping, the Muslim Battalion opened fire with two
Shilkas (normally used for anti-aircraft duties) then
opened up, providing devastating fire. Simultaneously,
a smaller team designated "Carandoy" (made
up of personnel from Thunder, Zenith, and an airborne
unit) assaulted and captured the Ministry of Foreign
Business in Kabul. Two soldiers from Thunder
along with a platoon of paratroopers also captured
the Afghanistan Air Force Staff. Four men from
Thunder and Zenith then commandeered the two tanks
at the front of the palace and captured the gendarmerie
As the BTR's and BMP's began to advance, however,
they were taken under heavy automatic weapons and
antitank fire. One of Zenith's BTR's was destroyed
and caught fire, and one of Thunder's BMP's was so
severely damaged that she had to be abandoned.
In the first two minutes after the teams left their
armored vehicles, thirteen soldiers from Thunder were
wounded. Despite this, massed fire overwhelmed
the palace guards and Alfa made entry into the place
itself. The Shilkas continued to fire at the
second story, as Afghan guards tossed hand grenades
and opened fire with a machine gun. As the Alfa
soldiers made their way upstairs, they used their
own grenades to eliminate the Afghans. Once
on the second story, the soldiers lobbed grenades
into each room. Amin was in his study when a
grenade exploded, killing him. Some more fighting
ensued, but shortly thereafter, Alfa had successfully
taken the palace and set up defenses.
By the time the assault was over, nearly all of the
assault personnel had been injured. One soldier
lost a hand while approaching a ladder to the second
story, while another took a round through the neck.
Others received bullet and fragmentation wounds to
the stomach, legs, and hands. At least five
Alfa soldiers were killed. In the morning, the Vitebsk
parachute division landed at the airport at Bagram
City and the invasion of Afghanistan was underway.
Sarapul City, December 17, 1981.
On 17 December 1981, two military conscripts took
25 boys hostage at a school. The men carried
AK-74 assault rifles and 120 rounds of ammunition.
They demanded foreign passports, visas, and airline
transportation to any capitalist country. After
a long period of negotiation, the terrorists release
some of the hostages, but kept seven. Unbeknownst
to the hostage-takers, soldiers from Alfa had penetrated
the building and approached the doors of the study
in which the hostages were being held. In exchange
for foreign passports, the criminals released the
rest of the hostages. As Alfa prepared to storm
the study to arrest or eliminate the hostage-takers,
one of them threw down his weapon and was arrested.
Alfa then charged into the room and disarmed the second
criminal, then took both of them into custody.
THE FOLLOWING TEXT IS CURRENTLY
Ilya Ufa City, September 20, 1986
Three soldiers of a urgent service, armed automatic
device ( AK ), manual machine gun RPK, sniper rifle
SVD autocratically have left a military base, have
grasped a taxi and have gone to the direction of the
airport. Behind the automobile of criminals casually
there was an automobile of militia. The criminals
have decided, that them pursue and have opened fire
on the automobile. Two employees of militia were killed.
After that one criminal with SVD escaped in a wood
(was frightened and has escaped), and the two others
have continued movement to the airport. At the airport
the criminals have grasped the plane TU - 134 A, which
just has landed. In the plane - 5 crewmens and 76
passengers. In a propagation time of a service the
criminals consisted in not regular group on neutralization
of the terrorists in planes and trained in penetration
into the plane, clearing of the hostages. All variants
of these operations they knew perfectly. The requirements:
to fly to Pakistan. Soon after capture of the plane
there was kill one passenger - something not that
has told to the terrorists and one of them has opened
fire. It seemed to the second terrorist, that someone
shoots in them and he has let out burst ( from automaton
) on interior - some passengers have appeared are
wounded. The stewardesses have persuaded of the gangsters
to bear killed, then to let out wounded, then - 4
women with children. Under a pretext of centering
of the plane the stewardess has persuaded to let out
else some passengers. It was possible to let out 46
passengers. Alfa has arrived in Ufa city and at once
group of capture has held a cabin of the plane. The
snipers controlled moving the terrorists on interior.
Any of used before methods of penetration in the plane
did not approach(suit) - all hatches were blocked,
the criminals constantly controlled ways of possible(probable)
penetration. By the similar plane the new method of
penetration in the plane was fulfilled which else
never was used. The criminals have demanded drugs.
The drugs were given
, but in drugs the soporific was added. One of criminals,
having accepted drugs, has fallen asleep. The second
drugs has not accepted, but too napped. One of the
stewardesses cautiously has taken away a machine gun.
The criminal has woken up also stewardess at once
has offered him of drugs. Having accepted drugs, the
criminal has lost the control above a situation and
at the request of the stewardess has let out of all
hostages and stewardesses. Having come round, the
criminals began to search for a machine gun, beginning
to break in a cabin of the pilots. The public prosecutor
long did not give the sanction to a use of weapons.
Then even so the public prosecutor has made a decision
- to shoot only if criminals will open fire, that
is if will kill someone from group of capture. The
sanction on use of the weapon at last is received.
The group rushes into interior from a cabin of the
pilots. One of criminals of the beginnings to shoot
at the party of group of capture. By answer-back fire
he are killed. The second criminal tried to pick up
the fallen automatic device, but the employees of
Alfa having time(were in time) to braid him.
Military air station Veshevo (near Leningrad), March
In this operation Alfa did not accept action. The
plane TU - 154 was grasped by the terrorists. The
requirements: to fly to England. The crew of the plane
has explained to the terrorists, that fuel up to England
will not suffice. Then the terrorists have commanded
to make landing at any foreign airport. The crew agrees.
At Leningrad it became clear, that fuel up to the
nearest foreign airport will not suffice. The chief
of flights gives the instruction(indication) to make
landing at the airport Veshevo. The plane makes a
manoeuvre for call on landing. The terrorists in a
panic. The stewardess calms the terrorists, speaks,
that the plane makes landing in Finland. At 16.05
plane has landed. At once to the plane the soldiers
have run. Under their form and equipment the terrorists
have understood, that them have deceived. The terrorists
in a panic, shoot at a door of a cabin of the pilots,
shout. The stewardesses try to calm the terrorists,
but 1 stewardess the terrorists kill!
The automobile - tanker has approached to the plane.
The gangsters have seen, that in a tender the officer
in the form sits, and the soldiers, which have surrounded
the plane, submit group of capture gestures by hands.
Terrorists in despair. At 19.10 group of capture (consisting
from fast of the collected employees of militia) has
rushed into the plane from a cabin of the pilots.
The mad shooting began. The employees of group of
capture have shot all cartriges from pistols at interior
of the plane have not got to sihting (in the terrorists
not impact), have received wounds from fire of the
terrorists and have disappeared in a cabin of the
pilots, having closed a door. In result from bullets
of "rescuers" 4 passengers were wounded. In the plane
the explosion was distributed and the plane has lit
up. The passengers began to jump downwards. Below
employees of group of a cover were threw over the
passengers, in some began to shoot, to beat. As a
result of operation 4 passengers were lost, 5 terrorists
were lost, 19 passengers are wounded, the p
lane has burned down.
Saratov, May 10, 1989
Four criminals which are taking place in investigatory
isolator, during walk, threatening a self-made knife,
have grasped of two employees of isolator and two
minors under investigation. The requirements: 4 pistols,
10 thousand roubles, automobile and opportunity of
unobstructed travel. The local management was not
prepared for negotiating and almost without effort
has given back to the terrorists the microbus with
a complete fill by petrol, pistol PM and 24 cartriges
to him. The terrorists have let out one woman and
one teenager. The gangsters have released in city.
Soon second woman have thrown out from the machine.
The gangsters beat she and when she have found, she
was without consciousness. The gangsters shot where
has got, created auto-crashes, have grasped else one
hostage - witness on one of the gangsters and then
have disappeared. The next day they were found out
in an apartment in an apartment house. They had new
hostages - family from three men (father, mother a!
nd daughter 2 years). The requirements: The plane,
start abroad, vodka, drugs, there are a lot of money.
At this time in Saratov has arrived Alfa. Negotiation
with the terrorists came into impasse. The employees
of Alfa have carried out a reconnoitring - have examined
similar apartments, have made the plan of assault.
The snipers observed of moving of the terrorists.
After a signal the employees of group have flown in
an apartment through windows, using climbing systems
and have thrown an apartment flashbang-grenades. Other
group of capture, using ram, has rushed through a
door. The gangster had time(was in time) two shoot
at the employees from a pistol, but the bullets have
got in armoredpanel. All terrorists were neutralized.
Nobody has suffered - neither employees, nor hostages,
Sukhumi city, August 11, 1990
Seven arrested criminals, were in isolator of the
temporary contents, have grasped in the hostages of
three employees of isolator. Then they have freed
68 under investigation and condemned. The weapon,
withdrawn from criminals, - about 3 thousand (rifle,
pistols, gun) and cartriges - 24 thousand was stored
in this isolator. Three days be ordered negotiation.
The terrorists required the microbus. In this microbus
have put flashbang-device. Other such device have
put in a court yard of isolator. The employees of
Alfa were divided into three groups: 1 assaults the
microbus, 2 and 3 - rush into isolator. One of the
gangsters has examined the microbus. After that ten
criminals and two hostages began to sit in the microbus.
Both the criminals and hostages were in masks with
cuts for eyes. The snipers could not shoot. Flashbang-device
should work at once after of a beginning of movement
of the microbus, but the automobile has passed near
10 meters before it has worked. While the !
groups overcame these 10 meters, the criminals have
opened fire on the employees of Alfa. Already in the
automobile one of the employees of Alfa was wounded.
One of the gangsters has shot at him. The bullet has
got between bodyarmor and helmet in a neck. But the
bullet was of calibre of 5,6 mm and consequently the
employee of Alfa has remained is alive. All gangsters
in the microbus were neutralized. 2 and 3 groups have
blown up a door and hatch in isolator. In isolator
group of capture of Alfa have got under shots of the
gangsters, but soon all gangsters have surrendered.
The hostages have not suffered, one employee of Alfa
At the end of 80 parts of the employees of Alfa constantly
there was in " hot points " - Tbilisi (Georgia), Baku
(Azerbaijan), Stepanakert, Kishinyov (Moldova) etc.
Was conducted some operations on struggle with the
organized criminality, with extortionists. In May
1990 the operation on detention of the sellers of
the weapon is conducted. In August - liquidation of
an armed gang in Yerevan (Armenia). In this operation
has happened skirmish to the gangsters. 3 gangsters
were killed, 2 are wounded, 6 are held back.
Vilnius, night 12 - January 13, 1991
Group Alfa used in assault of committee on TV and
broadcasting, television TV-tower and the centre of
broadcasting . In Vilnius city 67 employees of Alfa
left. In assault of each object used 21 - 25 employees.
This night on streets of city send tens thousand aggressively
adjusted and exited people. In plenties the "national
means of a defense " - bottle with fuel, stones sharpened
metal rods were prepared ". Were dear in city are
blocked by transport. Into city have entered army.
From the named objects on all Lithuania were transmitted
provocative TV and radio program. In these buildings
there were armed supporters of movement "Sayudis".
By the plan of a management of operation the tanks
should free a way for the employees. Subdivisions
para and MVD - to push aside the people from objects
and to ensure to the employees of Alfa pass to objects.
The employees of Alfa should interrupt broadcasting
of the programs and non-admission a conclusion out
of operation of equipment o!
n these objects. One of the main requirements - non-admission
of victims among the population. But the tanks and
paratroopers were late for 40 minutes. Before the
telecentre has collected 5 - 6 thousand city dwellers.
The employees of Alfa (25 men) have approached by
lorries to crowd, have thrown flashbang - grenade
and have rushed into crowd. The employees beat, they
in the answer waved rifle butts. As have reached up
to parapet, which were perfectly covered here again
on the employees of Alfa have opened fire from the
next buildings and from crowd. One of shots made of
crowd, has got in one of the employees of Alfa, having
punched bodyarmor. The employee else had time(was
in time) to run in a building of the telecentre and
there has died. Eight employees of Alfa could rise
on the second floor and interrupt transfer from studio.
In a building TV-tower the employees of Alfa were
met by guards, which has used against them fire-hoses
with cold water. The ladders and doors were barricaded
furniture and self-made explosive devices. The shots
were sometimes distributed. A circle has appeared
bottles with petrol. Against the employees the guards
has used bats, rods, heavy subjects. All security
guards had gas masks and, when the employees of Alfa
have held the first floor, the fire-prevention system
was included and in premises(rooms) began to move
gas Freon. Five employees constrained onslaught of
crowd at an entrance. The leaders in crowd - drunk,
furious young people. One of the employees has thrown
flashbang grenade. It has enabled to supersede crowd
from the first floor. In the morning on a building
of a teletower conducted strong automatic fire. The
employees of Alfa left a teletower on armoured personnel
carriers. On a road at a column have fired, on one
of armoured personnel carriers someone has !
brought down concrete detail, another BTR tried to
set fire. The employees of Alfa have carried out the
put orders, not having made any shot battle cartrige
(the automatic devices were charged non-letal cartriges)
and have lost one employee. In the morning, January
14, president USSR M. S. Gorbachyov has declared,
that he does not know about events in Vilnius and
any orders he gave back nobody.
Moscow, August, 1991
At 4 o'clock in the morning of August 19 on a team
of the chief KGB the employees Alfa in quantity(amount)
60 men have gone away to a village "Arkhangelsk" (30
kilometers from Moscow, a governmental summer residence
there placed, in which was B. N. Elzin). Have stopped
in 3 kilometers from a village at 4.40 and began to
wait for the further instructions(indications). On
a governmental summer residence the members of the
Russian government collected: Luzhkov, Ruzkoy, Hasbulatov,
Sobchak, Poltoranin and others. At 9.30 from a governmental
summer residence the train has gone away: 2 automobiles
"SIL" and 2 "Volgas" with guards. They have passed
by automobiles of the employees of Alfa. Having left
in support to guards of a governmental summer residence
15 men, the employees of Alfa have set off after a
train. The order on arrest Elzin was not. The troops
of army was entered into Moscow. In city the crowds
of the people collected, built barricades. On TV and
radio the applicati!
ons GKChP (General committee on a state of emergency)
were transmitted that Gorbachyov is sick also duties
of the president pass to vice-president Yanaev. Elzin
has issued the Decrees, has addressed to the people
of Russia, has named actions of GKChP as illegal revolution.
Many people have collected at a building of the Russian
parliament, where was Elzin and they were ready to
defend a building of parliament. GKChP consist of
the ministers led by the prime minister. The morning
of August 20 before the commander of group Alfa put
a order from GKChP - together with subdivisions of
army and MVD to assault a building of the Russian
parliament, to grasp the Russian government. At 14
hours of August 20 in the ministry of a defense the
meeting was held, the problems on realization of assault
were put. The assault should be held at the night.
The employees and commanders of Alfa were in a heavy
situation. Why there was no order on arrest of all
Russian government on a governmental!
summer residence? Then it was possible to arrest at
without noise and problems. Now to group command to
assault parliament, which became a symbol of democracy,
around of which thousand people, barricade. To carry
out the order? Whereas to name this operation? Antiterrorist?
But in parliament not the terrorists. The legal ministers
also command too. As a result of assault there would
be tens victims. To carry out the order - to make
a crime, to not carry out the order - too crime. Whether
has rescued then Alfa democracy in Russia (or as now
speak - partocracy ( from "kommunism party"), the
replaced colouring) - it is not known. But it is unequivocal
- Alfa has rescued life of the people, and those who
was around a building of parliament, and those who
was inside. Two hours prior to assault the commander
of Alfa has called commander of paratroops P. S. Grachov
also has told, that the group Alfa in assault to act
will not be. Commander of paratroops has answered,
that too withdraws subdivisions of paratroops from
Moscow. The put!
sch proceeded 3 days. After putsch the commander of
Alfa have removed(taken off) from a post. Group resubordinated
to guards of the president, though it at all not she
Moscow, October 4, 1993
To the employees of groups Alfa and Vimpel the order
- was put to assault a building of parliament. In
a building there were employees of the Russian parliament
and their armed supporters. At assault there would
be many victims. At 5 hours of October 4 per a study
of B. N. Elzin came the chief of senior management
of guards and chief of guards of the president with
the request to meet the employees of groups Alfa and
Vimpel. Elzin has told, that he Is held, and the groups
have put order - let carry out. In 30 minutes the
chief of guards again has asked Elzin to meet the
employees of groups. Elzin has met them and has asked:
" you are ready to carry out the order of the president?
" In the answer - silence. Then the president has
asked: " you refuse to carry out the order of the
president? " In the answer - again silence. The president
has left, not having told word. The group Alfa was
put forward to a building of parliament. The employees
of Alfa send on the area before a building at 14.55.
Using devices of amplification (strengthening) of
speech the employees have agreed with the defence
counsels of parliament upon the miss (passing) in
a building of the representative of Alfa. Two employees
of Alfa have passed in a building and have declared
to the employees of parliament that Alfa it is ordered
to assault parliament and the employees are obliged
to carry out the order. The employees of Alfa have
offered to deduce the employees of the parliament
which has thrown the weapon, from a building and guaranteed
their safety. At 15.50, when 2 employees of Alfa were
in a building of parliament and the parliament already
surrendered, from the next house the grenade launcher
has shot, machine-gun fire has opened, began to shoot
tanks. The employees of Alfa, which were on the area,
signals hands and on a radio station.
At this time three employees of Alfa approached on
a building of parliament on BMP. On a road they have
seen killed and wounded. The employees of Alfa began
to load wounded in BMP. A shot of the sniper at this
time has sounded. The bullet has got in one of the
employees of Alfa. On a road to hospital the employee
The employees of Alfa at a building of parliament
have organized an alive corridor and on him from a
building of parliament send his(its) defence counsels.
After these events the group "Vimpel" was disbanded.
The commander of Alfa was dismissed also group have
discharged from guards of the president. Group have
ceased to attract in antiterrorist operations or attracted
in realization of the completely hopeless tasks (for
example, Budyonnovsk, 1995). The employees of group
worked in operations on detention of criminals, struggle
with the dealers with drugs, weapon. One year the
employees protected prison "Lefortovo", to the detriment
of trainings. Many skilled employees have left group.
With them the development and programs of training
have left both professionalism, and unique systems
of preparation. The group became a victim of political
Mineralniye wodi city, July, 1994
The terrorists - chechens, armed pistols and grenade,
have grasped the bus. In the bus - 40 men of the hostages.
The requirements: the weapon, dollars, plane. Alfa
was lifted on an alarm. At the airport of Moscow it
became known, that the crew chief of the plane, on
which Alfa should take off for Mineralniye wodi, was
gone. him tried to find, but is ineffectual. To group
the on duty plane AN - 27 was given. At 21.40 employees
of Alfa have plunged into the plane, but there is
no sanction to take-off. At 22.15 plane AN - 27 have
replaced with TU - 134. Again loading. At 22.55 plane
has flied up. At this time terrorists have given the
helicopter and the terrorists have released a part
of the hostages. But they in the helicopter still
had 10 hostages. The chief of operation has made a
decision group Alfa in operation to not involve (that
the group is late to the beginning of assault). The
order on assault at 3.06 was given up, though the
reasons for this purpose was not, the t!
errorists waited for money. In assault acted of group
"Vega" and local SOBR (the special group fast reactions,
is subordinated local UVD - management of internal
businesses). Result - 5 terrorists were lost, 4 hostages
were lost, 6 hostages are wounded, 5 employees of
MVD are wounded, the helicopter has burned down.
Budyonnovsk city, June 17, 1995
Three months prior to capture by the terrorists of
hospital in Budyonnovsk, in a cellar of hospital one
of premises was rented by the Chechen cooperative
society. There delivered boxes with an ammunition.
In Budyonnovsk lived 10000 chechen (commune ) and
the part these chechen worked in capture of hospital.
The terrorists arrived to hospital of June 13 by two
lorries and by the machine of "first aid". Commander
of terrorists is Shamil Basaev. They went dressed
in military clothes (camouflage), in equipment and
with the weapon. Posts of militia on roads the terrorists
went round or money to sentry (bribe) paid. Before
entrance in Budyonnovsk of the terrorists have stopped
in the post of militia. The terrorists have explained
to the militiamen, that carry the killed Russian soldier
for transfer to authorities. The militiamen have offered
to the terrorists to pass in a department of internal
businesses (OVD). Having approached to a department,
the terrorists have begun capture of a building of
OVD. At capture 12 terrorists and 11 militiamen were
killed. After capture of OVD the terrorists have dispersed
on city. They have grasped buildings of a military
commissariat and bank. Periodically opened fire on
the people in streets. The terrorists took away the
people and resulted them in hospital. It is a lot
of wounded by the terrorists of the people came to
hospital behind medical aid. In hospital the terrorists
have locked the men in a cellar. Among the hostages
the terrorists have found and at once have shot three
helicopter crewmens, two militiamen two firemen.
In assault worked group Alfa from Moscow, group Alfa
from Krasnodar and group Vega (group of the profit
in Budyonnovsk on June 14). Grop Vega only provided
fire cover for assault teams. In total about 200 employees.
The terrorists was 200-250. The terrorists had 3-5
large-calibre machine guns DShK (12,7ออ) and 10-12
machine guns PK (7,62ออ). Almost at everyone - underbarrel
a grenade launcher GP - 25. Among the terrorists there
was a group of the snipers and group of the Arabian
mercenaries - former battle swimmers one from the
Arabian states (they have left on walls of hospital
of an inscription and emblem). The hostages was about
3000. The requirements of the terrorists: withdrawal
of army from Chechnya. On negotiation the terrorists
did not go. A building of hospital - three-story.
The hostages contained on the second and third floors
and in a cellar. The employees of groups have held
positions. 2 hours prior to assault (June 17) a management
of operation a beginning to collect automobiles of
first aid. For their collect the radio stations established
on these automobiles were used. By buses, which transported
the employees working in assault, also there were
radio stations. All radio stations worked in a uniform
wave band, the messages were transferred by the open
text (were not ciphered). The terrorists had same
radio stations and they listened to all radionegotiation.
At 4.40, for 10 minutes prior to the beginning assault,
have begun to get engines of BTRs and BMPs to warm
up machines. The strong noise has risen. In result
all terrorists have appeared are woken and immediately
have held a defense. The first teams of Alfa, which
should invisibly approach to hospital, were met by
fire of the terrorists. The movement of all teams
was slowed down. The first team of Alfa of Moscow
has got under fire of a large-calibre machine gun
during movement to an initial position. One employee
of Alfa was wounded in hip. At this time second team
of Alfa of Moscow has concentrated behind garages,
and 5 employees have made the way to Restaurant. Soon
these 5 employees have appeared are cut off from the
second team by strong fire of terrorists and the terrorists
began to bombard them grenades. The head patrol of
the first team (3 employees) has approached to garages
on the part of the main building of hospital and has
got under strong fire of the terrorists. One employee
of a patrol was wounded and was covered behind a tree.
The second employee was covered behind a heap of rubble,
third has continued movement along garages from shelter
to shelter and the communication with him was lost.
Only in day him have found. To him has torn off a
hand by a bullet of a large-calibre machine gun, but
he independently has tied up to itself(himself) a
wound. After that he was killed by the sniper of the
terrorists. The group of support has shot at 5 hours
from jet flame-throwers RPO - A "Shmel" (Bumblebee)
on windows of a premise of hospital, where there were
terrorists and there were no hostages. These shots
should designate a beginning of assault, but it has
failed - was already conducted strong skirmish. The
employees order fire only on space between windows
and above windows. In windows the terrorists have
put the women, and, having hidden at their legs, shot
on the employees. Some terrorists have changed clothes
in the form of the employees of hospital. The women
shouted: " do not shoot! ", screeched. After shots
from RPO - A on waste ground before hospital two have
gone away BTR - 80. At once on them have struck four
shots from RPG - 7V (anti-tank grenade launcher).
In BTR the terrorists have not got, but BTR hasty
have left battle field. The employees of the second
team of Alfa of Moscow began to cover withdrawal of
head patrols. At this time sniper of the terrorists
has killed one employee of the second team. At a signal
about the beginning of assault the employees of Alfa
of Krasnodar have run to hospital. They had assault
ladders. The terrorists have opened fire. The employees
of Alfa of Krasnodar had to be harboured, but soon
part of firing points of the terrorists was suppressed
by the snipers of Alfa and Vega. The employees of
Alfa of Krasnodar should be supported by three BTR
- 70, but from them one has gone away only. This BTR
has shot on hospital five times and has left. Else
it is a little having advanced, one employee of Alfa
of Krasnodar has received a wound in a hand. For his
evacuation has approached BTR and has broken. The
employee independently has reached back. Other team
of Alfa of Krasnodar has reached underground garage
(20-25 meters from hospital) and has got involved
in skirmish. By 8 hours for a cover of evacuation
five employees cut off at restaurant, have approached
two BTR. BTR at once have got under anti-tank fire.
One BTR was unwrapped and has left. Second BTR has
continued movement. First jet grenade from RPG - 7V
has passed past, second grenade has blown up under
BTR and the driver has left BTR. Third grenade has
got in BTR. For evacuation wounded the employees of
Alfa requested armored vechicles, but armored vechicles
was not. At 10.45 toward the party of five employees
of Alfa, cut off at restaurant has gone away BMP -
1. Under she by a cover the employees hoped to be
evacuated, but radio communication with crew BMP was
not. BMP has passed by the employees and on her the
terrorists from RPG have shot, but have missed. At
a building of morgue in BMP even so have got also
she has lit up. Then it became known, that BMP was
loaded by an ammunition for the employees of Alfa,
and the employees at reception of an ammunition should
undersign for the book of the account of an ammunition
for their reception! The lists of the employees should
be controlled by the major - chief of army supply
he was lost in BMP). Soon in burning BMP have begun
to blow up an ammunition. To 12 hours to the employees
of Alfa of Moscow has approached BMP, on which the
employees wanted to pull out the blocked employees
from under fire of the terrorists. This action should
be covered with the snipers from group of support.
At change of positions one employee of Alfa was lost.
The employees of Alfa of Krasnodar dislodged a door
in hospital by a shot from RPG and four employees
came to hospital. At this time terrorists have left
the first floor, mine him. The hostages from the second
floor began to shout, that the terrorists will kill
them, if the assault will not stop. All ladders, conducting
on the second floor, were exposed to fire from a machine
gun. The radio communication with subdivisions of
support practically was absent. In these conditions
the order on withdrawal of all subdivisions was given.
As a result of assault 58 terrorists were killed (basically
- from fire of the snipers). 3 employees of Alfa of
Moscow were killed and 24 - are wounded. June 18 the
negotiation with the terrorists has begun. Basaev
required the departure in Chechnya, refrigerator for
the killed terrorists, 9 buses for the terrorists
and hostages has demanded. Transport to the terrorists
was given, but in each bus the radio-controlled mine
was built - in. The column was accompanied with group
of specnaz by three helicopters, which should destroy
buses with the terrorists by fire of the weapon and
prompting of aircraft, if the terrorists will release
hostages. But the terrorists of the hostages have