progress of modernisation has created
an ever increasing number of population
centres in the form of small and large
towns and cities not only in the region
around us but also the rest of the world.
As more and more swamps and forests
are cleared, the pace of urbanisation
has gained rapid momentum. Built-up
areas are beginning to envelope more
and more areas. This development implies
that urban warfare is becoming an increasingly
more important aspect of military operations.
Troops will encounter more built-up
areas (BUA) along their axes of advance
than ever before. When transformed into
defensive positions or strong points,
built-up areas will significantly hinder
the progress of offensive operations
and restrict oppurtunities for manoeuvre.
military strategies and tactics have
always advocated that urban centres
should be isolated or bypassed rather
than risking costly lives, resources
and time-consuming operations in BUA.
However, in the present day context,
fighting in BUA is unavoidable due to
the nature of urban development.