NAVAL SPECIAL WARFARE
Prior to every mission in the SEAL Teams, a Warning
Order is given explaining everything that is needed
for the upcoming mission. This is your Warning Order!
It will give you a guideline of how to prepare for
YOUR next mission--BUD/S. Remember the seven P's rule:
Proper Prior Planning Prevents Painfully Poor Performance.
BUD/S WARNING ORDER
This booklet is a course description of BUD/S, Basic
Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training. Half of the struggle
to graduate from BUD/S is getting accepted, so congratulations,
you are halfway there. There is some very valuable
information in this booklet on subjects such as course
description on all three phases of BUD/S, workouts
to get you prepared for the physical stresses of BUD/S,
and helpful hints on nutrition. The BUD/S Warning
Order is designed to prepare any highly motivated
individual, regardless of athletic history, for the
toughest military training in the world.
Sea-Air-Land (SEAL) Teams trace their history back
to the first group of volunteers selected from the
Naval Construction Battalions in the Spring of 1943.
Their mission was clearing obstacles from beaches
chosen for amphibious landings. Thus, the first formal
training of the Naval Combat Demolition Units (NCDUs)
began. The NCDUs distinguished themselves at Utah
and Omaha beaches in Normandy and in Southern France.
In the Pacific, the NCDUs were consolidated into
Underwater Demolition Teams (UDTs). The newly formed
UDTs saw action in every corner of the Pacific during
World War II.
In September 1950, the UDTs participated in the Korean
War at Inchon, Wonsan, Iwon, and Chinnampo. The redeployment
of the United Nations Forces featured the UDTs conducting
delaying operations using guerilla warfare.
In January 1962, the first SEAL Teams were commissioned
to conduct unconventional warfare, counter-guerilla
warfare, and clandestine operations in maritime and
riverine environments. These Teams were SEAL Team
ONE on the west coast and SEAL Team TWO on the east
coast. During Vietnam, the SEALs compiled an impressive
record of combat success.
Since the close of the Vietnam conflict, the ever-changing
world situation and increased operational tasking
have prompted the expansion of SEAL Teams in number,
size, and capabilities. To effectively respond to
this evolutionary process, Underwater Demolition Teams
have been redesignated SEAL or SEAL delivery Vehicle
Teams. Thus, the newly designated SEAL Teams acquired
the SEAL mission and retained the amphibious support
mission inherited from their UDT forefathers.
SEAL and SEAL Delivery Vehicle (SDV) Teams and Special
Boat Units comprise the elite combat units of Naval
Special Warfare. These units are organized, trained,
and equipped to conduct special operations, unconventional
warfare, foreign internal defense, and clandestine
operations in maritime and riverine environments.
These highly trained specialists are deployed worldwide
in support of fleet and national operations. The wide
range of tasks performed by Naval Special Warfare
and their outstanding combat records have earned an
enduring and highly respected reputation.
Naval Special Warfare extends a personal challenge
to those interested individuals like yourself. This
program will push you to your physical and mental
limits, again and again, until you are hard and strong,
both physically and mentally, and ready for the adventure
of a lifetime in the SEAL Teams. Freefall parachuting
at 10,000 feet into the ocean at night, travelling
by small rubber boat for 100 miles, conducting a mission,
then travelling 30 miles out to sea to rendezvous
with a submarine is a typical mission for the SEALs
and is an adventure most people can experience only
by reading a book. So, if you are ready for both a
challenge and an adventure, the navy has just the
training to test your mettle. BE SOMEONE SPECIAL!!!
As a BUD/S student, you will participate in challenging
training and encounter opportunities to develop and
test your stamina and leadership. BUD/S training is
extremely thorough both physically and mentally; but
through adequate preparation and a positive attitude,
you can meet its challenges with confidence. The workout
schedules in this booklet are designed to prepare
you physically for BUD/S. You are the one who has
to prepare to give all you have every day. At BUD/S
it is essential to live, eat, and sleep BUD/S. 110%
is required of you every day. BUD/S is a challenge,
but if you meet it head-on with determination not
to fail or quit, it will be the most rewarding time
of your life. Good Luck!!!
I. First Phase (Basic Conditioning)
First Phase is nine weeks in length. Continued physical
conditioning in the areas of running, swimming, and
calisthenics grow harder and harder as the weeks progress.
Students will participate in weekly four mile timed
runs in boots, timed obstacle courses, swim distances
up to two miles wearing fins in the ocean, and learn
small boat seamanship.
The first five weeks of First Phase prepare you for
the sixth week, better known as "Hell Week."
During this week, students participate in five and
one half days of continuous training, with a maximum
of four hours sleep. This week is designed as the
ultimate test of one's physical and mental motivation
while in First Phase. Hell Week proves to those who
make it that the human body can do ten times the amount
of work the average man thinks possible. During Hell
Week, you will learn the value of coolheadedness,
perseverance, and above all, TEAMWORK. The remaining
three weeks are devoted to teaching various methods
of conducting hydrographic surveys and how to conduct
a hydrographic chart.
II. Second Phase (Diving)
After you have completed First Phase, you have proven
to the instructor staff that you are motivated to
continue more in-depth training. The Diving Phase
is seven weeks in length. During this period, physical
training continues, but the times are lowered for
the four mile runs, the two mile swims, and obstacle
course. Second Phase concentrates on combat SCUBA
(Self Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus). Students
are taught two types of SCUBA: open circuit (compressed
air) and closed circuit (100% oxygen). Emphasis is
placed on long distance underwater dives with the
goal of training students to become basic combat divers,
using swimming and diving techniques as a means of
transportation from their launch point to their combat
objective. This is a skill that separates SEALs from
all other Special Operations forces.
III. Third Phase (Land Warfare)
The demolitions, reconnaissance, and land warfare
phase is nine weeks in length. Physical training continues
to become more strenuous as the run distances increase
and the minimum passing times are lowered for the
runs, swims, and obstacle course. Third Phase concentrates
on teaching land navigation, small-unit tactics, patrolling
techniques, rappelling, infantry tactics, and military
explosives. The final five weeks of Third Phase are
spent on San Clemente Island, where students apply
techniques acquired throughout training in a practical
IV. Post-BUD/S Schools
BUD/S graduates receive three weeks basic parachute
training at the Army Airborne School, Fort Benning,
Georgia, prior to reporting to their first Naval Special
Warfare Command. Navy corpsmen who complete BUD/S
and Basic Airborne Training also attend two weeks
of Special Operations Technician Training at the Naval
Special Warfare Center, Coronado. During this course,
they participate in an intense course of instruction
in diving medicine and medical skills called 18-D
(Special Operations Medical Sergeant Course). It is
a 30-week course where students receive training in
burns, gunshot wounds, and trauma.
After assignment to a Team and successfully completing
a six-month probationary period, qualified personnel
are awarded a SEAL Naval Enlisted Classification (NEC)
Code and the Naval Special Warfare Insignia. New combat
swimmers serve the remainder of their first enlistment
(2 1/2 - 3 years) in either an SDV or SEAL Team. Upon
reenlistment, members may be ordered to additional
training and another SDV or SEAL Command, where they
will complete the remainder of a five-year sea tour.
Advanced courses include SDV training, Diving Supervisor,
language training, and NAVSPECWAR communications.
Shore duty opportunities are available in research
and development, instructor duty, and overseas assignments.
In addition to normal pay allowances, Naval Special
Warfare personnel currently receive $175/month dive
pay and $110/month hazardous duty pay.
PHYSICAL FITNESS STANDARDS
Note: At first, to reduce initial
stress on your foot muscles when starting with fins,
alternate swimming 1000 meters with fins and 1000
meters without them. Your goal should be to swim 50
meters in 45 seconds or less.
Since Mon/Wed/Fri are devoted to PT, it is wise to
devote at least 20 minutes on Tue/Thu/Sat to stretching.
You should always stretch for at least 15 minutes
before any workout; however, just stretching the previously
worked muscles will make you more flexible and less
likely to get injured. A good way to start stretching
is to start at the top and go to the bottom. Stretch
to tightness, not to pain; hold for 10-15 seconds.
DO NOT BOUNCE. Stretch every muscle in your body from
the neck to the calves, concentrating on your thighs,
hamstrings, chest, back, and shoulders.
Proper nutrition is extremely important now and
especially when you arrive at BUD/S. You must make
sure you receive the necessary nutrients to obtain
maximum performance output during exercise as well
as to promote muscle/tissue growth and recovery. The
proper diet provides all the nutrients for the body's
needs and supplies energy for exercise. As well, it
promotes growth and repair of tissue and regulates
the body processes.
The fastest, most readily used source of energy is
carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are divided into two
categories; simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates
are quickly broken down into fuel, although they provide
a fast source of energy to the body they are used
very rapidly. For long-distance endurance activities
simple carbohydrates alone cannot adequately supply
the body with the fuel it requires. In comparison,
complex carbohydrates require a slightly longer period
of time to break down to fuel. However, that fuel
will be utilized over a much longer period of time.
A combination of simple and complex carbohydrates
is optimal for proper energy and recovery. Foods rich
in complex carbohydrates would include potatoes, pasta,
rice, fruits and vegetables. Simple carbohydrates
are found abundantly in processed foods. Fig
Newton cookies and dried fruit would be healthy sources.
Readily available performance nutrition bars generally
provide a good ratio of complex to simple carbohydrates,
their drawback would be the high cost per bar.
Carbohydrates alone will not provide the body all
that it requires. Your diet requires, in addition,
a combination of protein and fat. Protein is
essential in the diet, especially for active individuals.
It contains amino acids which are the building blocks
of all muscle within the body. High quality protein
will help aid in muscle growth, repair and recovery.
Fat, on the other hand, provides the muscles with
a long term source of energy. Even in the leanest
athletes, the bodies fat storage can potentially provide
more then twice the amount of energy as carbohydrates.
The trick in utilizing this gold mine of energy is
to provide the body with a regular supply. Contrary
to popular thought, a diet void of fat will not enable
you to lose weight and maintain energy.
The amount of food consumed each day should
coincide with the level of exercise you are doing.
As a general rule, the average adult male requires
approximately 2000 calories per day. As you increase
your energy usage you need to increase the amount
of fuel you consume. A good practice is to regularly
refuel following each substantial workout. This means
getting in a balanced amount of nutrients within fifteen
to thirty minutes following a workout. This is a good
time to utilize those nutrition bars, energy drinks
or even a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.
Your basic diet should consist of a proper percentage
of each of these nutrients: